Ice skating is one of the favorite events. Two words you will hear a lot in the commentary are “axel” and “salchow” (not sow cow). These terms pay homage to two Scandinavian skaters.
Norwegian Axel Paulsen was the first to do the jump now referred to as an axel. The axel is a figure skating jump with a forward take off. It is named after Norwegian figure skater Axel Paulsen who, in 1882, was the first skater to perform the jump.
Here is a description of how what the axel jump is and how to do it:
In 1909 Swedish skater Ulrich Salchow was the first skater who landed a jump in competition in which he took off on the back inside edge, and landed on the back outside edge of his other foot. This jump is now known as the Salchow jump in his honor.
Here is a description of how the Salchow is done:
You can see more about Paulsen and Salchow in this video (the skating segment starts at 0:48 if you are impatient like this writer). [Note this link will take you to YouTube.]
Written by Mary Hirsch